I’ve been working off and on (OK, mostly off — but I haven’t given up yet) pulling together a guide to help folks build and strengthen networks for social change. In the spirit of “share early, share often” I decided to post the bibliography. I first put it together in May 2006, so some of it is out of date. But most of it is still relevant. And I add new items from time to time.


Ashman, D., et al. (2005). Supporting Civil Society Networks in International Development Programs (First Edition). Washington, DC: AED Center for Civil Society and Governance.

Candelo Reina, C., Ortiz, G.A., & Unger, B. (2003). Hacer Talleres: Una guia practica para capacitadores. Cali, Colombia: WWF Colombia (Fondo Mundial para la Naturaleza).

Cashel, J. (2005). “Top Ten Trends for Online Communities.” Online Community Report. Available at http://web.archive.org/web/20050303001613/. www.onlinecommunityreport.com/features/10

Carey, B. (2005 March 7). “Close Doesn’t Always Count in Winning Games.” New York Times.

Ceballos, F. (2008 October 12). A few reasons to work as a network. telecentre.org blog post. Available at http://bit.ly/why_networks.

Creech, H., & Willard, T. (2001). Strategic Intentions: Managing Knowledge Networks for Sustainable Development. Winnipeg, Manitoba: International Institute for Sustainable Development.

Creech, H., & Ramji, A. (2004). Knowledge Networks: Guidelines for Assessment. Winnipeg, Manitoba: International Institute for Sustainable Development.

Drenzer, D.W., & Farrell, H. (2004 July). The Power and Politics of Blogs. Paper presented at the 2004 American Political Science Association.

Echoditto. (n.d.). Best Practices for Online Organizing. Available at http://www.echoditto.com/best/organizing

Harman, D. (2005 December). “Chile paper lets readers pick the news.” USA Today.

Idealist. (2005). Mapping Connections: A Tool for Forming a Network. This is an updated version of Idealists “Power Mapping” tool. Available (along with other useful tools) at http://www.idealist.org/ioc/learn/curriculum/

Karl, M., et al. (Eds.). (1999). Measuring the Immeasurable: Planning, Monitoring, and Evaluation of Networks. New Delhi: Women’s Feature Service/Novib.

Kearns, Marty. (2006 November 9). Net-Centered Advocacy: What Would You Do With 10,000 People for 10 Minutes? Presentation notes from “Web 2.0: Getting Your Users Involved,” a conference organized by Forum One Communications at the National Press Club in Washington, DC.

Kim, E.E. (2004). Lessons from the Dean Campaign. Available at http://www.eekim.com/blog/2004/10/12#ocs2004deanspace

Lefkowitz, J. (2002). Lessons from the Anthill. Available at http://www.jasonlefkowitz.net/blog1archive/2006/12/lessons_from_th.html.

Nielsen, J. (2004 November). Undoing the Industrial Revolution. Jakob Nielsen’s Alertbox, November 22, 2004. Available at http://www.useit.com/alertbox/20041122.html

Plastrik, P., & Taylor, M. (2004). Network Power for Philanthropy and Nonprofits. Boson, Massachusetts: Barr Foundation.

Pollard, D. (2004). Proposal: A Global Think Tank Based on the Wisdom of Crowds. Available at http://blogs.salon.com/0002007/2004/10/07.html

Rainey, S. (2002). Building Online Professional Networks: Three Stages to Success. Alexandria, Virginia: Forum One Communications.

Rainey, S. (2003). The International AIDS Economics Network (IAEN): A case study and best practices. Presentation at the Health Information and Publications Network (HIPNET) Conference in Washington DC, June 17, 2003.

Ramer, J., & Steltenpohl, G. (2004). Weaving our Strategies Together: Turning What We Have into What We Need. San Francisco: Interra Project.

Ramirez, R., & Richardson, D. (2000). PACTS Case Study: County of Oxford Integrated Network. Guelph, Ontario: University of Guelph.

Ranablodo, C., & Pinz·s, C. (2003 October). United We Stand? A Study About Networks Involved in Sustainable Development. Interchurch Organization for Development Cooperation.

Rosenblatt, G. (2004 January). Movement as Network: Connecting People and Organizations in the Environmental Movement. Seattle, Washington: ONE/Northwest.

Schilderman, T. (2002 March). Strengthening the Knowledge and Information Systems of the Urban Poor. London: Department for International Development (DFID) & Practical Action (formerly known as ITDG, the Intermediate Technology Development Group).

Shirky, C. (2003 October). Work on Networks: A Global Business Network Tour. New York: Global Business Network.

Smith, J., Kearns, M., & Fine, A. (2005). Power to the Edges: Trends and Opportunities in Online Civic Engagement. Philanthropy for Active Civic Engagement (PACE) & The E-Volve Foundation. Available at http://evolvefoundation.org/?q=pacepartner

VeneKlasen, L. (2005 October). Your Net, My Work: Pitfalls and lessons learned from coalitions, alliances, and networks at regional, national, and international levels. Summary of forum at the “How Does Change Happen?” Association for Womenís Rights in Development (AWID) forum, October 2005, Bangkok, Thailand. Washington, DC: Just Associates.

Waring, B., Cwik, Y., & Burzynski, R. HIV/AIDS Networking Guide (Second Edition). Toronto: International Council of AIDS Service Organizations (ICASO).


  1. Christine
    September 3, 2008

    The Social Innovation eXchange (SIX), a global ‘network of networks’, recently launched a wiki to gather ideas about building networks. Read about it here: http://www.socialinnovationexchange.org/node/884.